NITI stands for “National Institution for Transforming India”.
1. The government abolished the planning commission (PC) and replaced it by a new body known as NITI AAYOG.
2. It was set up on 1st January, 2015.
3. The government aims at “transforming the development agenda of India”. It has given a slogan, “from planning to NITI”.
4. It was built on the foundation of
· Co – operative federation
· Serving as a “Think Tank” offering domain knowledge as well as strategic expertise to all levels of the government.
· A collaborative platform is facilitating “Implementation”.
1. Chairman: The Prime Minister of India.
2. In addition to PM, it will be comprise of
3. Vice – Chair person – to be appointed by the PM; present ARVIND PANAGARIYA.
4. Members: all as full time.
· Economist Bibek Debroy and former DRDO chief V.K. Saraswat.
5. Part time Members : Maximum 2,
· From leading universities, research organizations and other relevant institutions in an ex – office capacity.
6. Ex officio Members: Maximum 4 of the Union Council of Minister to be nominated by the PM.
· Rajanath Singh, Arun Jaitley, Suresh Prabhu and Radha Mohan Singh.
7. Governing Council : All Chief Ministers of states and lieutenant & Governors of Union Territories:
8. Regional Councils: Formed on need – basis, in corporate CMs and Lt. Governors of the region.
9. Special Invitees: Experts, Specialists, Practitioner, with domain knowledge.
10. CEO: Sindhu Shree Khullar.
11. Secretariat: If necessary.
1. The new body to follow a development model which is all round, all pervasive, all Inclusive and holistic.
· To Priorotise service and upliftment of the poor, marginalized and downtrodden.
· To empower vulnerable and marginalized sections, redressing identity based inequalities of all kinds’ gender, region, religion, and caste or class.
· Weaker sections must be enabled to be masters of their own fate, having equal influence over the choices the nation makes.
· To harness the people of India, by focusing on their development, through education & skilling, and their empowerment, through productive livelihood opportunities.
· To transform the developmental process into a people driven one, making an awakened and participative citizenry
· To nurture an open, transparent, accountable, pro-active, and purposeful style of governance.
· Maintain sustainability at the core of our planning and development process, building on our ancient tradition of respect for the environment.
· It will be the “primary platform” for operational sing co- operative fed rationalism, enabling states to have active participation in the formulation of national policy as well as achieving time-bound implementation of quantitative and qualitative targets through the combined authority of the Prime Minister and the Chief Ministers.
· The Aayog is supposed to further this co-operation with the enhanced vibrancy of competitive Federalism: the centre competing with the states and vice versa and the states competing with each other, in the joint pursuit of national development.
· It will evolve a shared vision of national development priorities and strategies, with the active involvement of the states.
· It will support states in addressing their own challenges, as well as building on strengths and comparative advantages.
· The new body is to “restructure” the planning process into a “bottom – up model” empowering states, and guiding them to further empower local governments in developing mechanisms to formulate credible plans at the village level, which are progressively aggregated up the higher levels of government.
· To “design” medium & long-term strategic frame works of the big picture vision of India’s future – across schemes, sectors, regions & time: factoring in all possible alternative assumptions & counterfactuals.
· To “build” a repository of specialized domain expertise, both sectoral and cross – sectoral; to assist ministries of the central & state governments in their respective development planning as well as problem solving needs.
· To be an “in – house sounding based” refining government positions through objective criticisms & comprehensive counter – views in the economy.
1. To “mainstream” external ideas and expertise into government policies and programmes through a collaborative other partners
2. There would act as government link to the outside world, roping in universities, think tanks and research institutions, private sector expertise and the people at large for close involvement in the policy making process.
· Making implementation central to the planning process, through an emphasis on tangible outcomes, realistic targets, strict time lines and robust monitoring & evaluation – a transition from the isolated conceptualization of merely “planning” to “planning for implementation”.
· To “facilitate” harmonization” of actions across different layers of the government, when involving issues across multi role sector through communication, co-ordination, collaboration and convergence among all stakeholders.
· The emphases will be on bringing all together on an integrated and holistic approach to development.
· To provide a “platform” for Mutual resolution of inter – sectoral, inter departmental, inter-state well as center – state issues.
· Strategically harnessing global expertise & resources in India’s developmental process.
· It will offer an internal “consultancy” function to central and state governments on policy and programme design i.e., by providing frame works adhering to basic design principles such as decentralization, flexibility and a focus on results.
· To enable “capacity building” and “technology up-gradation” across government, bench marking with latest global trends and providing managerial and technical knowhow (practical knowledge or skill).
· It will “monitor” the implementation of policies and programmes and “evaluate” their impact.
· It will develop in-house sectoral expertise as a dedicated think tank to top notch domain experts, specialists and scholars.
· It will provide a market place of whetted panels of expertise and funding, for central and state government to tap into: matching their requirements with solution providers public and private and international.
· It will comprise of representatives from every state and ministry and will serve as a permanent platform for national collaboration.